Canada has three levels of government:
- provincial or territorial
- municipal (city)
The Prime Minister heads the federal government based in Ottawa. It deals with national and international matters, such as:
- criminal law
- foreign affairs
- national defence
- employment insurance
- Aboriginal lands and rights
Provincial and territorial governments
A Premier leads each province and territory.
The provincial and territorial governments have the power to change their laws and manage their own public lands. They are in charge of:
- health care
- road regulations
Municipal (City) governments
Mayors lead municipal governments.
Municipal governments run cities, towns or districts (municipalities). They are in charge of things, such as:
- local police
- local land use
- fire protection
- public transportation
- community water systems
First Nations governance
Across the country, band councils govern First Nations communities. Band councils are similar to municipal governments. Band members elect the band council, which makes decisions that affect their local community.